Many hard and bloody battles were fought in Fredericksburg which is now considered one of the bloodiest cities in the country due to the many soldiers that died here during the Civil War. The entire city is very absorbing and even though the war has ended many years ago, there’s still a feeling of loss in the air that war veterans seems to easily pick up on. If you love history and you’d like to check out the battlefield in Fredericksburg in person, below we’re going to tell you more about the ones you should certainly visit.
The Chancellorsville battlefield is where General Robert E. Lee’s greatest victory was won. Not only was he outmaneuvered in the battle’s early stages, but he was also outnumbered to more than 2 to 1, yet thanks to the courage and confidence of his troops, he managed to effectively fight back and win the battle. When visiting the Chancellors Battlefield, you should start your trip at the Visitor Center where the battle is going to be explained by a twenty-minute film and many exhibits. Outside the center you’ll also be able to walk on a trial that takes you to the monument that marks the location where General Jackson “Stonewall” was injured in battle.
Fredericksburg is by far one of the most popular battles of the Civil War. On December thirteenth eighteen sixty two, General Ambrose Burnside decided to attack General Robert Lee’s position, but despite his best efforts, he failed to win the battle. Lee’s army was very well prepared and given their great position behind the stone wall, they managed to withstand the many attacks carried out by the Union.
When visiting this battlefield, you should start the visit at the Visitor Center. You’ll be able to learn more about the battle if you watch the twenty-minute long clip and also see the exhibits. You’re also going to visit Sunken Road, the place where the hardest battle was fought by the brave soldiers, many of whom are now buried in the national cemetery. After you’ll leave the Visitor Center, make sure to drive to Chatham, an eighteenth century plantation that was used as a hospital and Union HQ during the war. After that, you should take a spin down Lee drive, a five mile long park tour following the Confederate line.
Spotsylvania County National Military Park
These places combined encompass 4 large battlefields of the Civil War where more than one hundred thousand Americans were captured, wounded and killed. In 1864, after General Stonewall Jackson died, the Union army, led at the time by General Ulysses Grant, attacked General Lee in the Wilderness and for 2 days the armies fought each other with all they got. The battle was so brutal that almost thirty thousand men lost their lives in just forty eight hours. Even though he experienced massive losses in the Wilderness, General Ulysses Grant decided to push forward to the south in order to get to Richmond.
Starting May eight through May twenty first 1864, General Ulysses attacked General Lee once again, but this time the battle was carried out near Spotsylvania Court House. The battle lasted for a total of 2 weeks, with the climax happening day twelfth. This was the day where soldiers of both armies grappled with one another in what is known today as the bloodiest and most gruesome battle in American history.
It’s very important to keep in mind that when deciding to come here, you’ll be able to visit either by car or just take the walking trails. Also, given the fact that there are introductory films you can watch, it’s going to be very easy to get a better understanding of the bloody and gruesome battles that took place here, how they were carried out, who won, how and so forth. If you want to take a free guided tour, then you’ll be happy to know that they’re available from the visitor centers in the summertime, but also in other months of the year.
There are also 3 historic buildings that you can visit in the park, including Jackson Shrine, Ellwood and Chatham. While you need to pay a $2 fee for the short 2-minute movies, admission to the buildings and the park is free of charge.